TRANSFORMASI GERAKAN ISLAM POLITIK DALAM PARTAI POLITIK ISLAM : ANALISA KOMPARATIF AKP DAN PKS DI TURKI DAN INDONESIA

M. Chairil Akbar, Yeby Ma’asan Mayrudin, Rosa Arista Narendra

Abstract


This study seeks to analyze the transformation of the political Islam movement carried out by the PKS (Prosperous Justice Party) and Justice and Development Party AKP (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partition), Turkey, by tracing the general pattern of similar strategies adopted by them, including differences that arise in both parties. PKS and AKP are major Islamic parties in the world that have so far successfully fought in electoral competitions. How to make use of their mass base and Islamic sentiment in liberal parliamentary struggle is a tactical step that characterizes the political Islam movement. Comparison will be made to find the common thread concerning Islamic-style populism with the electoral strategy they use. Political Islam can ultimately be understood not only from the categories of morality, ethics, or religion, but also on the objective category based on political realism.The authors believe that this theme is important and interesting after examining the development of identity political movements that have occurred not only in Indonesia but also in several other countries in the world in the last 10 years. Analysis of the AKP and PKS must, however, be understood in two aspects, namely, first, a cross-over between liberal democracy and Islamic activism, and secondly, the tendency to change the political strategy of the Islamic party. The interplay between the interests of electoral achievement and the ideological vision is a big and dynamic dilemma.Of the various methods available, the research team in this study used qualitative research methods. Data is obtained through a literature review or study of relevant literature such as books, journals, news websites, or thesis or dissertation works. The author's temporary hypothesis is that first, PKS and AKP have political linkage in three things, first, the political vision of Islam which is heavily influenced by the Muslim Brotherhood movement, second, the construction of civil networks and organizations, and the three, electoral strategies and compromise on liberal democracy. PKS and AKP are in turn conditioned by a number of compromises  and political pragmatism. Both are forced to adapt substantially in terms of changes in party models to be more open and plural. Thus, there is a convergence between political Islam and the flow of liberal democracy based on the typical political situation in Indonesia and Turkey. The differences that arise are the political Islam platform of AKP is significantly influenced by the trajectory of Islamic tradition which has long been rooted in the sociological pattern of its society and the economic platform of neoliberalism that has been adopted and applied aggressively by the AKP since its reign in Turkey.


Keywords


Political Islam, Political Linkage, Electoral Strategy, PKS, AKP

Full Text:

PDF

References


BUKU

Muhtadi, Burhanuddin, (2012), Dilema PKS : Suara Dan Syairah, Jakarta : Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Bubalo, Anthony, Fealy, Greg, and Mason Whit,(2012), PKS Dan Kembarannya :Bergiat Jadi Demokrat di Indonesia, Mesir, dan Turki, Jakarta : Komunitas Bambu Press.

Fuller, E. Graham, (2004) The Future of Political Islam, New York: Palgrave Macmilan.

Hadiz, Vedi R., (2016), Islamic Populism In Indonesia and the Middle East, Cambridge : Cambride University Press.

Rabasa, Angel,& Larrabee, F Stephen, (2008), Political Islam In Turkey, California : RAND Corporation

Eligur, Banu, (2010), The Mobilization of Political Islam In Turkey, New York : Cambridge University Press

Cinar, Menderes, (2018), From Moderation To De-moderation : Democratic Backsliding Of The AKP In Turkey, edited by Esposito, John L, Zubaidah, Rahim Lili, Ghobadzadeh, Naser,(2018), The Politic Of Islamism : Diverging Visions and Trajectories, Sydney : Palgrave Macmillan.

Kalin, Ibrahim, (2013), The AK Party In Turkey, edited by Esposito, John L.& Shahin, Emad el Din, (2013), The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politic, New York : Oxford University Press.

Romli, Lili, (2006), Islam Yes, Partai Islam Yes : Sejarah Perkembangan Partai-Partai Islam Di Indonesia, Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar

Rahmat, M Imaduddin, (2008), Ideologi Politik PKS : Dario Masjid Kampus Ke Gedung Parlemen, Yogyakarta : LKIS.

Ambardi, Kuskrido, (2009), Mengungkap Politik Kartel : Studi Tentang Sistem Kepartaian Di Indonesia Era Reformasi, Jakarta : Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Damanik, Ali Said, (2002), Fenomena Partai Keadilan : Transformasi 20 Tahun Gerakan Tarbiyah DI Indoensia, Jakarta : Teraju.

Alfian, M Alfan, (2015), Militer dan Politik Di Turki, Bekasi : PT Penjuru Ilmu Sejati.

Yavuz, M Hakan, (2009), Secularism and Muslim Democracy In Turkey, Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

White, Jenny, (2002), Islamist Mobilization In Turkey : A Study in Vernacular Politics, Washington DC : Universty of Washington Press.

Pribadi, Airlangga, (2005), “Kebangkitan Politik Identitas Islam di Tengah Gelombang Demokrasi: Studi Kasus Pemikiran Politik Partai Keadilan Sejahtera,” dalam Soegeng Sarjadi dan Sukardi Rinakit ed., Membaca Indonesia. Jakarta: Soegeng Sarjadi Syndicate,

TESIS

Mayrudin, Yeby Ma’asan, (2015), PERGESERAN POSITIONING MODEL KEPARTAIAN PARTAI-PARTAI ISLAM: Studi Tentang PPP dan PKS dalam Pemilu-pemilu Pasca Orde Baru, Tesis Master, Universitas Gadjah Mada, dokumen pribadi penulis.

SUMBER ELEKTRONIK

Beinin, Joel, (2004), Political Islam and The New Global Economy, retrieved from https://web.stanford.edu/dept/france-stanford/Conferences/Islam/Beinin.pdf

Moudouros, Nikos, (2014), The Harmonization of Islam With the Neoliberal Transformation[ : The Case Of Turkey, Globalizations, DOI: 10.1080/14747731.2014.904157

Schafer, Dean G., (2016), Mobilizing For Capitalism : How Islamic Civil Society Makes a Market Economy Possible in Turkey, (Master’s Thesis), retrieved from https ://academicworks.cuny.edu/gc_etds/1355

Munson, Ziad, (2001), Islamic Mobilization : Social Movement Theory and the Egyptian Moeslem Brotherhood, The Sociological Quarterly, 42, 4, retrieved from https://www.lehigh.edu/~zim2/p487.pdf

Berita elektronik

Hasan, Akhmad Muawal, (2018, Februari 12), Hasan Al Banna, Ikhwanul Muslimin, dan Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, Tirto, retrieved from https://tirto.id/hassan-al-banna-ikhwanul-muslimin-dan-partai-keadilan-sejahtera-cEzG

Muzakki, Akbar, (2008, juli 19),jihad Politik Mohammad Natsir, Hidayayatullah, retrieved from https://www.hidayatullah.com/artikel/opini/read/2008/07/19/3006/jihad-politik-mohammad-natsir.html


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright Pusat Penelitian Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta


Pengunjung