TOWARDS IMPROVING SERVICE DELIVERY AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE FOR THE MARGINALISED GROUPS IN NIGERIA

Mairo Hamid Ipadeola, Catherine James Atteng

Abstract


There is a steady increase in the number of children with special needs and disadvantage groups due poverty, conflicts, disasters, disease and accidents. While service delivery to these group has be characterized by humanitarian approach, the Nigeria government is ascending towards the compliance approach which necessitates legislations, in 2019 the bill protecting the rights of people with disabilities was passed into law. However, the most appropriate approval recommended is the citizenship approach which implies that the people with disabilities are regarded as equal citizens with full rights and responsibilities, economically, politically and morally. Clearly spelt out in the National Policy on Education (NPC) 2014, Education is the right of every individual in Nigerian to Education and the development of individuals into a sound and effective citizen and the provision of equal opportunities for all citizens. The NPC further states in section 7 the provision for special Education. These laudable policy is achieve to certain extent due to barriers such as attitudinal, physical and environmental, systematic, economic and employment facing majority of children with special needs or disadvantage children in accessing both public and private services. Some recommendations for the way forward include, changing disability image and reduce negative attitude toward people with disabilities. Documentation of all categories of people with disabilities in the state for purpose of planning and funding for special Education. Planning for increase enrolment of children with special needs in both public primary, secondary and higher institutions in the state. Restructuring of the regular curriculum, placement of pupils and personnel’s. Restructuring of curriculum, placement of pupils and personnel’s in both regular and special primary / secondary schools in Nigeria. Improving physical and environmental barriers. Provision of legislation to protect the rights of people with disabilities. Increase number of people with disabilities in the work force and fixed at- least 2% of the total budget for special education. As stakeholder we have moral obligations to extend equity in service delivery to children and adults with special needs.


Keywords


Barriers, People with Disabilities, Special Education, Service Delivery

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abosi, C. O., & Ozoji, E. D. (1985). Educating the blind: A descriptive approach. Ibadan: Spectrum Books.

Adedapo, O. (2009). Construction health and safety: The Nigerian perspective. Retrieved on 4/4/2016 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16568003/National-Building-Code-and-Construction-Health-and-Safety-in-Nigeria#scribd

Baiyewu. (2012). Punch Newspaper. Retrieved from www.punchng.com

Balmas, S., Fembek, M., Hauquier, V., Heindorf, I., Kainz, W., Pitzinger, C., & Saupe , A. (2015). Independent living and political participation. Zero project. Retrieved 1/4/2016 from http://zeroproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Zero-Project-Report.pdf

Clayton, S., Barr, B., Nylen, L., Burstrom, B., Thielen, K., Diderichsen, F., . . . Whitehead, M. (2012). Effectiveness of return-to-work interventions for disabled people: A systematic review of government initiatives focused on changing the behaviour of employers. The European Journal of Public Health, 22(3) 434-439. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckr101

Coletta, A., & Bruyère, S. M. (2011). Disability and employment: New directions for industrial and organizational psychology. Chapter 15, 473-503. Retrieved from http://core.ecu.edu/psyc/copej/courses/Ethics/Readings/Collela%20%20Bruyere.pdf

Danso, A. K., Tudzi, E. P., & Agyekum, K. K. (2017). Promoting education on inclusive design of the built environment at Knust. Modern Management Science & Engineering, 5(2) 189-206.

Dierks, K., Kelly, R., Matsubara, L., Romero, R. J., & Takahashi, K. (2007). Disability awareness toolkit. Teem Access. Retrieved on 25/2/2016 from http://www.ist.hawaii.edu/products/toolkits/pdf/DisabilityAwarenessToolkit.pdf

El Refaei, A. A. (2016). Challenges of social service delivery to persons with disabilities in Egypt: A stakeholders’ analysis. masters of public administration. The American University, Cairo.

Ezeamalu, B. (2016). Rivers university student expelled for ‘speech and hearing challenges’ returns to school. Retrieved on 22/7/2016 from http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/207272-rivers-university-student-expelled- speech-hearing-challenges-returns-school.html

Federal Republic of Nigeria. (2014). National Policy on Education. 6th Edition, Yaba, NERDC

Fembek, M., Butcher, T. H., Heindorf, I., & Wallner-Mikl, C. (2013). International study on the implementation of the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilities. Retrieved from zeroproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Zero-Report_e_-2013.pdf

Fembek, M., Heindorf, I., Arroyo de Sande, C., Balmas, S., Saupe, A., & Leblois, A. (2014). International study on the implementation of the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/egm2014/Fembek.pdf

Fembek, M., Heindorf, I., Kainz, W., & Saupe, A. (2017). Employment : Work and vocational education & training. Retrieved from Australia: promi.uni-koeln.de/wp-content/uploads/2014/.../ZP_Report17_AccessiblePDF_final.pdf

Fembek, M., Heindorf, I., Kainz, W., & Saupe, A. (2016). Education and Information & Communication Technologies. International Study on the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Innovative Practices, Innovative Policies, and Social Indicators from more than 150 countries. Retrieved from https://zeroproject.org/wp content/uploads/2016/02/ZeroProjectReport_2016_barrierfree.pdf

Gustafsson, J., Peralta, J. P., & Danermark, B. (2014). The employer's perspective: Employment of people with disabilities in wage subsidized employments. Disability Research, 16(3) 249-266. doi: 10.1080/15017419.2013.785976

Heera, S. (2016). Employers' perspective towards people with disabilities: A review of the literature. The South East Asian Journal of Management, 10(1) 54. doi: 10.21002/seam.v10i1.5960

Holler, R. (2014). Disability and employment policy in the Israeli welfare state: Between exclusion and inclusion. Disability & Society, 29(9) 1369-1382. doi: 10.1080/09687599.2014.942451

Houtenville, A., & Kalargyrou, V. (2012). People with disabilities employers’ perspectives on recruitment practices, strategies and challenges in leisure and hospitality. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 53(1) 40-52. doi: 10.1177/1938965511424151

Ipadeola, M. H., Zibiri, R., & Effiong, E. (2016). Accessibility of the physically challenged to public facilities in Kaduna metropolis: challenges and the way forward. Journal of the College of Administration Studies and Social Sciences (CASSS) Kaduna Polytechnic. 7: (1) 106 – 115.

Jaarsma, E.V., Dijkstra, P.U., Blecourt, A. C. E., Geertzen, H. B., & Dekker, R. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of sports in children with physical disabilities: A mixed-method study. Disability and Rehabilitation. 37:18, 1617-1625. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2014.972587

Jakovljevic, M., & Buckley, S. (2011). Assistive technologies in a workplace environment: barriers for the employment of persons with disabilities. Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, 22(2) 55-78. doi:10.5463/DCID.v22i2.32.-2.pdf

Jones, M. (2011). Inclusion, social inclusion and participation critical perspectives on human rights and disability law (pp. 57-82): Brill.

Kulkarni, M., & Lengnick-Hall, M. L. (2014). Obstacles to success in the workplace for people with disabilities: A review and research agenda. Human Resource Development Review, 13(2) 158-180. doi: 10.1177/1534484313485229

Lang, R., & Upah, L. (2008). Scoping study: Disability issues in Nigeria. London: Department of Foreign and International Development (DFID). Final Report. Retrieved from https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lc-ccr/downloads/scopingstudies/dfid_nigeriareport

Lindsay, S., & McPherson, A. C. (2011). Strategies for improving disability awareness and social inclusion of children and young people with cerebral palsy. Child: care, health and development, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, C, 809 - 816. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01308.x

Madans, J. H., Loeb, M. E., & Altman, B. M. (2011). Measuring disability and monitoring the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilities: The work of the Washington group on disability statistics. BMC Public Health, 11(4) 1. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/S4/S4.

Maroto, M., & Pettinicchio, D. (2014). The limitations of disability antidiscrimination legislation: Policymaking and the economic well‐being of people with disabilities. Law & Policy, 36(4) 370-407.

McColl, M. A., Jarzynowska, A., & Shortt, S.E.D. (2010). Unmet health care needs of people with disabilities: Population level evidence. Disability & Society, 25:2, 205-218. doi: 10.1080/09687590903537406

National Population Commission. (2015). Retrieved from Abuja, Nigeria: http://www.nigeriamasterweb.com/Nigeria06CensusFigs.htm

Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) (2015). Retrieved from Nigeria: http://www.population.gov.ng/images/NPCNEW/2015-NEDS-National-020916-Combined.pdf

Nigerian Nation Newspaper. (2016, July 13). Disability bill Pass by the Senate. July 13 2016http://newspapers.nigeriannation.com/senate-passes-bill-to-prohibit discrimination-against-persons-with-disabilities/

Office of the High Commissioner Human Rights, (2014). Joint Association for People with Disability in Nigeria. (JONAPWD). Retrieved on 5/4/2016 from www.ohchr.org/ document/issues/ cso_JNAPWD_Nigeria_ENG

Ojuawo, A. (2012). Nigeria National Building Code. Retrieved on 4/4/2016 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/112304736/Nigeria-National-Building-Code

Roulstone, A. (2015). Personal independence payments, welfare reform and the shrinking disability category. Disability & Society, 30(5) 673-688. doi: 10.1080/09687599.2015.1021759

Tavee, Cheausuwantavee., & Chomanad, Cheausuwantavee. (2012). Rights, equality, educational provisions and facilities for students with disabilities in Thailand: Legal and practical perspectives over the past decade. Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development (DCID) 23(1) 70-91. doi:10.5463/DCID.v23i1.83

Tiun, Ling, Ta., Lee, Lay, Wah., & Khoo, Suet, Leng. (2011). Employment of people with disabilities in the northern states of peninsular Malaysia: Employers’ perspective. Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development (DCID) doi:10.5463/DCID.v22i2.28

Vomholt, K., Uitdewilligen, S., & Nijhuis, F. J. (2013). Factors affecting the acceptance of people with disabilities at work: A literature review. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 23(4) 463-475. doi: 10.1007/s10926-013-9426-0

World Health Organization. (2011). Disability and rehabilitation: WHO Plan, 2006 – 2011. Retrieved from www.who.int/disabilities/ 7TRF


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright Pusat Penelitian Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta


Pengunjung